Woman looking a paintings



Museums around the world include a broad range of objects with widely differing ages: dinosaur bones, stone-age flutes made of mammoth tusks, sensitive photographs, paintings with thick layers of paint, contemporary sculptures. In all cases, the building has to maintain and protect the objects displayed and stored inside.

Excessively dry air

Dry air absorbs humidity from objects, their weight is reduced and they contract. In the case of humid air, it is the other way round. Climatic fluctuations thus keep the objects in permanent movement and sooner or later a crack appears on the canvas or the color gilding chips off the baroque sculpture. Stabilization of the relative air humidity helps avoid tension in the material texture of the exhibits, the Building Climate Institute emphasizes.

The preservation of enshrined cultural artifacts generally requires a constant indoor climate which is defined within relatively tight limits [2]. This climate has to be technically created. The air requires humidification — at least periodically. The values reached are measured using measuring systems. Nowadays, due mainly to lease agreements, international indoor climate values of between 50 and 55 ±5% RH and 20°C are required [2]. The American ASHRAE standard formulates corridors for the indoor climate in even greater detail — from the narrowest AA to D. The narrowest climate corridor specifies RH = ±5% and T = ±5 K as long-term tolerance with seasonal adjustment. Positive from a conservational viewpoint is that there is a slow, seasonal adjustment of the indoor climate to the outdoor climate which lies within these limits.

Climate Fluctuations

The external climate and the relative air humidity show significant seasonal fluctuations. In winter, the RH is sometimes extremely low. In summer during rainfall, 100%. The external space and inner areas are more or less closely related at all times. This means that a change of the external climate is also noticeable indoors

and can be even more pronounced there. Especially short-lived fluctuations of the indoor climate are harmfulin the long term. Therefore, a change of the RH during one day may not be allowed to exceed 5%. During one hour, the fluctuations have to be below 2.5%. Basically, a change should be as minor as possible, while the frequency of fluctuations should be kept as low as possible [3]. For particularly sensitive exhibits, there are special display cases. They may be damp-proof only, equipped with humidity regulation, or even fully air conditioned.


Correctly humidified rooms feel warmer and more comfortable, especially in colder climates where heating systems are required.



This is expressed by warping of parchment or paper, or by tears or bubbles on panel and canvas paintings or on color-gilded sculptures. On papers, humidity fluctuations lead to a displacement of soluble components such as the ink. Specialist terms here are ink corrosion and copper corrosion.

Fabrics, photographs, metal and stone

在紡織對象,過分低空氣濕度dvances the fragility of the tissue. In photographic objects, substrates and binding agents become fragile and brittle in environments with low RH. Comfortable in a climate of between 20 and 60% RH, stone and ceramic can tolerate a low air humidity.

Benefits of working with Condair on your museum humidification project:

  • Over two decades of Art Gallery specific international expertise.

  • Versatile product range to individually meet customers' application requirements.

  • Low energy humidification solutions to optimize humidification management.

  • Minimal maintenance for smooth operations.

  • Full customer care services include: expert advice, supply installation, commissioning, maintenance and direct spare supply.

  • 我們的博物館客戶包括

    • - Anderson Art Gallery

      - 加拿大曆史博物館


      - Harvard FOGG Art Museum

      - Milwaukee Public Museum

      - 皇家安大略博物館

      - 舊金山現代藝術博物館

      - Smithsonian Museum

    Learn more about humidification for museums...